The Sanighat-Phukot-Syuna-Sipkhana District Road (SPSSDR, 17.650 Km), Kalikot lies in the higher Himalayan Zone of Province 6 of Nepal. The road has been constructed adopting labour based environmentally friendly and participatory (LEP) approach. The road is earthen surface and is designed and constructed following Nepal Rural Road Standard 1998 (1st revision in 2012). All constructed structures are flexible, and no permanent bridges and culverts are built. The main objectives of the resilience audit are to examine the adequacy of the current new-built civil engineering structures particularly water management structures, bio-engineering techniques, and propose opportunities for missing structures, assess the maintenance approach and provide plan of action including intervention measures to improve climate resilience of the road infrastructure as far as possible.
Honourable Minister for Federal Affairs and Local Development Mr Hit Raj Pande launched the book “Statistics of Local Road Network (SLRN) 2016” on 10 February 2017 prepared with the technical and financial assistance of Rural Access Programme Phase 3 in Kathmandu. The statistical book consists of LRN inventory data documented in District Transport Master Plan and GIS based district maps of 75 districts. This also includes the list of Local Road Bridges and their status.
RAP3 assisted DOLIDAR to develop a plan to connect VDC centres that are at present not connected by road to the DRCN. This programme will use GON funding leaving development partners to concentrate on maintenance and improvement of the DRCN. Data from DTMP and Districts envisaged that 584 VDC centres yet to be connected by road network. For this, a total of 7269km new road to be constructed to link all the VDC centres. In current fiscal year 2071/72 (2014/15), MoFALD/DoLIDAR has a provision of an additional budget of NPR 450 million for this purpose. Initially, DoLIDAR planned to provide budget with road name/s according to DTMP priority but later this has been differed and issued budget expenditure authority to respective DDCs with special instructions mentioning that the selection of road/s and budget allocation should be based on the DTMP priority/list to boost up the GON decentralisation policy. Accordingly the budget expenditure authority were issued to 51 DDCs (ranging from NPR 5 to 15 million).
Based on the findings of the Nepal Road Sector Assessment Study (NRSAS), DOLIDAR undertook its first Annual LRN Inventory Survey in 2012 assisted by the RTI Maintenance Pilot funded through RAP2. Subsequent publications of the document have been supported by RAP3 funding and TA. Till date DTMPs of 55 districts have been prepared/updated and the LRN Inventory also compiled on January 2015. A total of 52,883km of Rural Roads have been constructed till 2014. Of which, DRCN Roads is about 23,192km and Village Roads is 29,690km. Of the total DRCN Roads; blacktopped is 1161km (5%), gravelled 6229km (26.4%) and earthen surface is 15902km (68.6%). Likewise Village Roads consists; blacktopped 528.9km (1.8%), gravelled 6295.9km and earthen surface 22865.8km. Data reveals that a total of 7269km new DRCN roads need to be constructed to connect remaining 584 VDCs centres that have no road network access yet. Other details can be obtain from LRN Inventory 2015.
The Nepal Road Sector Assessment Study found that the rate of road fatalities (per 100,000 inhabitants per year) has risen to 17.1, compared to Cambodia 12.3, Malaysia 3.5 Australia 1.0 and the United Kingdom 0.7. The study also confirms that the rate of accidents is now increasing by over 25% each year. RAP is helping to pioneer road safety assessment as part of the annual road condition surveys that are used to determine maintenance works which should allow road safety engineering responses to be funded through district maintenance budget.
To date DOLIDAR’s norms and specifications for LRN were labour based only. NRSAS recommended that equipment norms be developed for the full range of infrastructure works carried out by DOLIDAR and the districts. This was completed in 2014 through assistance to DOLIDAR by RAP3.
These DTMP Guidelines serve to assist the user in the preparation of a District Transport Master Plan (DTMP) for the conservation, improvemnet and new construction of the District Road Core Network (DRCN).
These are related to the 5 year DTMPs but cover the period of one year only.
The length of district roads under the responsibility of the District Development Committees (DDCs) has recently increased significantly with the reclassification of most village roads as class B district roads, without any corresponding increase in resources to the DDCs. Information on actual road lengths is not available due to a lack of road inventory and condition data, partly as a result of confusing and extensive data requirements.
This Road Sector Assessment Study has been prepared by the World Bank with the active involvement of the Government of Nepal, the Department for International Development (DFID), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). The purpose of this study is to determine the current status of the road sector in Nepal, identify the main issues and roblems it is facing, and provide practical means to address them. It is the result of an extensive process of consultations with the Government of Nepal, both during the implementation of the study as well as in the review and approval of the study findings.
The Nepal Rural Road Standards (NRRS) were introduced in 2055 to set the classification and geometric design standards for the Local Road Network (LRN) to be followed by all those involved in the development of the network, including Users, User Committees, VDCs, DDCs, DTOs, DOLIDAR and its development partners.
The new DTMP’s are an attempt to move towards establishing an LRN network of all-weather roads. This has meant that LRN Standards and Specifications have been reviewed for DOLIDAR by RAP. A second review is expected to ensure that these address road safety issues.