Reports and Publications

This report presents findings from the first of two rounds of verification in 2017 of RAP reported results. The verification exercise was undertaken by RAP’s independent MEL component. It was conducted between February and March of 2017.

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This midline report presents the findings from a panel survey of 3,600 households in eight districts in the Mid and Far West of Nepal and incorporates qualitative findings from a complementary Reality Check Approach (RCA) study. This mixed-methods approach was conducted in mid-2016, precisely two years after the baseline, to provide a longitudinal analysis of socio-economic changes in this region as well as an objective assessment of the impact of the third phase of the DFID’s Rural Access Programme 3 (RAP3).

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This report presents the main findings of the Midline Reality Check Approach (RCA) study conducted in April 2016, two years after the baseline study was conducted in 2014. The RCA is the main qualitative element of the mixed methods approach to impact assessment, which also includes a quantitative household survey. The findings are presented in terms of how people living in communities in the project areas see change and how they generally perceive the relevance of the RAP interventions. This report is a companion piece to the main Midline Impact Assessment Report of RAP and should be read in conjunction with that report to illustrate findings for deeper learning.

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This report presents the findings of a beneficiary feedback process conducted by the MEL. This process set out to capture feedback directly from RAP beneficiaries employed in the Road Building Groups (RBGs) and Road Maintenance Groups (RMGs) only. The process enabled beneficiaries to provide their thoughts on the experience of working on RAP, the benefits accrued, and satisfaction with RAP processes. As such it is not an assessment of impact, but a forum to enable voices of beneficiaries to be heard about RAP processes.

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The 2016 review is a critical examination of the RAP3 theory of change conducted in consultation with stakeholders to reflect and review the programme from a holistic perspective. The review looked at a number of studies and learning from the programme and MEL over the last three years. In light of the significant learnings and the three-year extension of the RAP-3 programme to 2019, the review comes at a key time. This document brings together critical insights and thoughts from each of the core RAP3 components and DFID to provide a revised theory of change.

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The PMV Review Report is a MEL-led independent review of the existing Performance Management and Verification (PMV) system of RAP. The PMV system is RAP’s internal M&E system used to collect, aggregate and report data related to completed activities from the district to the central level. It is used to report results to DFID as well as drive performance management within RAP. The main objective of the report is to assess if RAP’s PMV is fit for purpose. The review examined existing RAP polices, systems and processes, identified strengths and areas for improvement and provided recommendations for addressing the more significant areas of improvement.

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The Value for Money (VFM) analysis of RAP is one-off review assessing what is driving costs and to ensure that the programme is providing the desired quality at the lowest price. The analysis aims to enable a variety of stakeholders, including DoLIDAR and DFID, to better understand the VfM of approaches to rural road development and thereby facilitate dialogue and learning to develop a VFM framework that can better capture the cost drivers across the 3 E’s of economy, efficiency and effectiveness.

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This note summarises Process Monitoring Reports conducted by the Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) component of DFID-Nepal’s Rural Access Programme 3 (RAP3). The summary looks at beneficiaries of RAP’s socioeconomic development (SED) activities in the core districts of Kalikot, Accham, Bajura, Humla, Dailkeh and Jumla. A particular area of focus was analysing how poor and disadvantaged group (DAG) members were impacted by the SED activities and the associated constraints. This exercise was conducted during the implementation of the original SED model implemented by RAP. Since late 2015, the SED model has been revised significantly, hence the learnings from this briefing note only reflects issues arising from the original SED model implemented between 2014 and early 2015.

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This document presents a proposal for the second phase of RAP MEL’s implementation phase covering the period August 2015 to August 2016. During recent months, discussions with DFID, DoLIDAR and RAP have highlighted the need to adjust MEL’s activities, deliverables, and working model to respond to the lessons learned from the first phase of implementation (June 2014 to July 2015) and to ensure that MEL’s work remains relevant to the emerging needs of MEL’s stakeholders.

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This report summarises the findings arising from an institutional review of the Department of Local Infrastructure Development and Agricultural Roads (DoLIDAR)'s Monitoring and Evaluation Unit.

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This note summarises Process Monitoring Reports conducted by the Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) component of DFID-Nepal’s Rural Access Programme 3 (RAP3). The summary looks at the Karnali Employment Programme Technical Assistance (KEPTA) project in Kalikot and Jumla. This exercise was conducted during the implementation of the original SED model implemented by RAP. Since late 2015, the SED model has been revised significantly, hence the learnings from this briefing note only reflects issues arising from the original SED model implemented between 2014 and early 2015.

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This note summarises Process Monitoring Reports conducted by the Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) component of DFID-Nepal’s Rural Access Programme 3 (RAP3). The summary looks at migration and its linkages with the household economy among RAP beneficiaries in Dailkeh, Doti, Kalikot and Jumla. Migration is hugely significant throughout Nepal and the mid and far western districts are no exception. Migration from western areas to the Terai or India (and indeed within these Districts with mountain dwellers moving to the mid hills in winter) has been a regular seasonal choice for thousands of households for generations. The government and other development actors have implemented a number of public wage and social protection programmes to provide seasonal employment opportunities to help people in the mid and far west to cope with livelihood shocks and to address some of the consequences of distress migration. This exercise was conducted during the implementation of the original SED model implemented by RAP. Since late 2015, the SED model has been revised significantly, hence the learnings from this briefing note only reflects issues arising from the original SED model implemented between 2014 and early 2015.

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This report reviews the implementation of the Local Roads Network (LRN) component of RAP. The objectives of the LRN review were to: a) develop a quantitative analysis of RAP3 LRN; b) assess the effectiveness of current RAP3 LRN approaches in a sample of RAP 3 districts in delivering results and value for money; c) develop recommendations on the future effective delivery of the RAP LRN component.

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This report reviews the implementation of the Local Roads Network (LRN) component of RAP. The objectives of the LRN review were to: a) develop a quantitative analysis of RAP3 LRN; b) assess the effectiveness of current RAP3 LRN approaches in a sample of RAP 3 districts in delivering results and value for money; c) develop recommendations on the future effective delivery of the RAP LRN component.

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This Reality Check Approach (RCA) Study complements a ‘baseline’ RCA that was undertaken for RAP in May 2014 and constitutes a ‘one-off’ thematic study. The RCA study focused on RAP beneficiaries and their communities. RCA is an internationally recognised form of qualitative research that requires the study team to live with people living in poverty in their own homes for periods of time.

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This report presents the main findings of the baseline Reality Check Approach  (RCA) study which was conducted in May 2014. The RCA study is the main qualitative element of the independent third party monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL) of the Rural Access Programme 3 (RAP3) which is supported by the UK Department for International Development (DFID).

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This report outlines the results of a survey conducted in April and May 2015 of households where at least one member was a participant in a RAP funded Road Maintenance Group (RMG) in the mid and far western regions of Nepal. The survey supplement the results obtained from the 2014 RAP household survey which surveyed eight other domains, split into two groups of district: RAP “build” districts (Bajura, Kalikot, Humla, Mugu) and RAP “maintenance” districts (Doti, Achham, Dailekh and Jumla).

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This report presents the findings of a survey of 3,200 households in eight districts in the mid and far west of Nepal that was conducted in mid-2014. The data from this survey presents probably the most comprehensive dataset ever generated about the livelihoods of people living in the region. The survey was designed with four main purposes:

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