This LRN part of this study was carried out jointly with the LRN development partners World Bank, ADB, SDC, DFID and DOLIDAR and MOFALD. The purpose of the study was to identify possible initiatives in the fields of road classification and inventory, institutional framework, road sector financing, planning and prioritisation, road surfacing, road maintenance, bridge management, construction technology, outsourcing, road construction industry, road safety, monitoring and evaluation, governance, legislative and policy framework. A consolidated Action Plan was also developed which has formed the basis of RAPs Policy and Harmonisation support to Central GON institutions and DOLIDAR in particular.

View more      Download this document

Based on the findings of the Nepal Road Sector Assessment Study (NRSAS), DOLIDAR undertook its first Annual LRN Inventory Survey in 2012 assisted by the RTI Maintenance Pilot funded through RAP2. Subsequent publications of the document have been supported by RAP3 funding and TA. Till date DTMPs of 55 districts have been prepared/updated and the LRN Inventory also compiled on January 2015. A total of 52,883km of Rural Roads have been constructed till 2014. Of which, DRCN Roads is about 23,192km and Village Roads is 29,690km. Of the total DRCN Roads; blacktopped is 1161km (5%), gravelled 6229km (26.4%) and earthen surface is 15902km (68.6%). Likewise Village Roads consists; blacktopped 528.9km (1.8%), gravelled 6295.9km and earthen surface 22865.8km. Data reveals that a total of 7269km new DRCN roads need to be constructed to connect remaining 584 VDCs centres that have no road network access yet. Other details can be obtain from LRN Inventory 2015.

View more      Download this document, Download this document

Prepared in 2012/13 these guidelines redrew the previous 5 year DTMPs which had become both expensive and unwieldy. The Guidelines defined the concept of a District Road Core Network (DRCN), this being the shortest network that would link each VDC with its Distict Headquarters. The DTMP also prioritises works by dealing with existing DRCN network maintenance needs before tackling improvement of the network and new construction.

View more      Download this document

RAP has assisted DOLIDAR with carrying out new DTMPs for 52 districts under RAP2 and 20 more districts under RAP3. This has allowed GON to finalise its investment plans for LRN. We now know that 30,000km of LRN are required of which 22,000km have already been constructed and need to be maintained as well as the amount and cost of bridging required. This allows GON to present a coherent business case to the development partners to assit with funding LRN development.

View more

With completion of 72 districts (and 3 by SDC) the information for all 75 districts needs to be entered on to DOLIDAR’s GIS as a first step to upgrading the department’s M&E operations. The next step will be to monitor implementation of the DTMP’s so that DOLIDAR can track progress effectively.

View more

These are related to the 5 year DTMPs but cover the period of one year only. These are derived from both the DTMP and the annual road condition surveys conducted by the districts to determine the LRN works programme for a given year using various sources of funding including that of programmes such as RAP.

View more      Download this document

Road Maintenance Groups (RMGs) have been used extensively in many developing countries and were piloted in Nepal by ILO in 2009 in two districts. Together with SNRTP RAP is piloting the use of RMG in project for routine and recurrent maintenance of DRCN for 12 months in the year. RMGs therefore operate during the monsoon when the most damage to the LRN occurs.

View more      Download this document

The Nepal Road Sector Assessment Study found that the rate of road fatalities (per 100,000 inhabitants per year) has risen to 17.1, compared to Cambodia 12.3, Malaysia 3.5 Australia 1.0 and the United Kingdom 0.7. The study also confirms that the rate of accidents is now increasing by over 25% each year. RAP is helping to pioneer road safety assessment as part of the annual road condition surveys that are used to determine maintenance works which should allow road safety engineering responses to be funded through district maintenance budget.

View more      Download this document

The new DTMP’s are an attempt to move towards establishing an LRN network of all-weather roads. This has meant that LRN Standards and Specifications have been reviewed for DOLIDAR by RAP. A second review is expected to ensure that these address road safety issues.

View more      Download this document

To date DOLIDAR’s norms and specifications for LRN were labour based only. NRSAS recommended that equipment norms be developed for the full range of infrastructure works carried out by DOLIDAR and the districts. This was completed in 2014 through assistance to DOLIDAR by RAP3. 

View more      Download this document, Download this document

RAP3 assisted DOLIDAR to develop a plan to connect VDC centres that are at present not connected by road to the DRCN. This programme will use GON funding leaving development partners to concentrate on maintenance and improvement of the DRCN. Data from DTMP and Districts envisaged that 584 VDC centres yet to be connected by road network. For this, a total of 7269km new road to be constructed to link all the VDC centres. In current fiscal year 2071/72 (2014/15), MoFALD/DoLIDAR has a provision of an additional budget of NPR 450 million for this purpose. Initially, DoLIDAR planned to provide budget with road name/s according to DTMP priority but later this has been differed and issued budget expenditure authority to respective DDCs with special instructions mentioning that the selection of road/s and budget allocation should be based on the DTMP priority/list to boost up the GON decentralisation policy. Accordingly the budget expenditure authority were issued to 51 DDCs (ranging from NPR 5 to 15 million).

View more      Download this document, Download this document, Download this document, Download this document