Parbat District is located in Dhulagiri Zone of the Western Development Region of Nepal. Its position is flanked by the districts of Kaski and Syanja in East; Baglung and Myagdi in West; Myagdi in North; and Syanja and Gulmi in South. There are 55 VDCs with 11 Ilakas and 2 constituencies. The area is stretched over mid hill and terrain ranges from 520m to 3300m above average mean seal level covering 494 sq. km. It has annual average rainfall of 2500 mm and temperature in between 32.3 and 7.5 degrees Celsius. The district falls in the subtropical to cold temperate climatic zone. The district consists of numerous ridges and rivers. Setibeni and Modibeni are the famous sacred religious centres and Panchase in one of the most famous mountain viewing points. Major occupation in the district was agrarian and people have slowly been shifting from agriculture to other occupations. About 51 % of people have been adopting subsistence agriculture and rest 49% of people have been adopting in other occupations.
Figure 1 Location of the district
According to the national population census (2068 B.S.), the total population of the district is 146,590 comprising of 81,289 female (55%) and 65,301 male (45%) residing in 35,719 households. Parbat district has an average population density of around 297 people per square km. The average family size is 4.1. Life expectancy of the people is 58 years. The average literacy rate is about 68.15% (61.99% female and 75.82% male). The district has multi ethnic compositions; majorities are Brahman, Chhetri, Thakuri and Sanyashi (Giri and Puri).Majority of people pursue Hindu religion as 89.48% followed by Buddhist as 9.32%, then Islam 0.43%. Common communicating language is Nepali (87.89%) followed by Magar (5.56%) and Gurung (4.51%).
Although accessibility in transport to Parbat is limited, this is improving rapidly. The district has access to the Baglung Highway (Pokhara-Baglung) with bituminous standard and maintained by DOR. A 14.32 km feeder road from Maldhunga to Myagdi has been recently upgraded with bituminous surface by DOR. The district is connected with Syangja district by Setibeni-Armadi road (Lokmarg) which is already in operation upto Phalebas bazaar with earthen surface. The remaining section from Phalebas to Armadi, which meets Baglung highway, is under construction.