Dadeldhura district is located in Mahakali Zone in Far-western Development Region and covers an area of 1538 square kilometer within latitude 28º 59’’ N to 29º 26” N and Longitude 80º 12” E to 80 º 47” E. The district has elevation ranging from 333 m to 2639 m above mean sea level (msl). Dadeldhura district borders Doti & Kailali to the East, India to the West, Baitadi to the North and Kailali and Kanchanpur to the South.
Subsistence agriculture farming, mainly small scale livestock is the main source of occupation and livelihood of the majority of the population. Due to low level of agriculture production, the majority of the households face acute food shortage for the most part of the year. As a result of the elevation differences, the district has different level of temperature. The average maximum temperature is 32 ºC while average minimum temperature is 3.6 ºC. The annual average rainfall is about 1346.6 mm.
Figure 1 Location of the district
According to the annual survey conducted by DDC in 2068, the total population of the district is 152,157 comprising 75,903 female (49%) residing in 24,507 households. Dadeldhura district has an average population density of around 99 people per square km. The average family size is 6.22. Life expectancy of the people is 46 years. The average literacy rate is about 53.43% (33.9% female and 74.3% male are literate). Dadeldhura district has a multi ethnic composition with Chhetri, Kami, Thakuri, Brahman, Magar, Damai, Sarki, Newar, and Sanyashi (Giri). The common language is Doteli (71%), followed by Nepali (21%).
The district has access to Mahakali highway (Atariya-Dadeldhura-Doti) and Seti highway (Saule-Doti). The Mahakali highway passes through district headquarters while Seti highway goes to Doti from Saule which lies about 3km east from district headquarter. Both of these highways are blacktopped and are in good condition. Although road accessibility to Dadeldhura is limited, this is improving rapidly.