Morang District is located in Koshi Zone of the Eastern Development Region of Nepal. It borders with Bihar (India) to the South, Jhapa district to the East, Dhankuta & Panchthar districts to the North and Sunsari district to the west. The district has One Sub Metro Politian City (Biratnagar), eight Municipalities and 52 VDCs. The total area of the district is 1,855 km2. The lowest elevation point is 60 meter and highest elevation point is 2410 meter above sea level. The current population of the district is 10, 38,457 and the average population density is around 560 people per square km till 2068 B.S. The district headquarter is connected by Koshi National High way to the East-West Mahendra National Highway at Itahari, Sunsari, and the district is also connected to the Hill parts of the eastern region of Nepal. This district is the core Industrial sector for the Eastern Development Region of Nepal.
Figure 1 Map of Nepal indicating Morang District
According to the Census 2011, the total population of the district are 964,769 comprising 497,906 female (51.6%) and 466,803 male (48.4%) residing in 193,728 households. The average household size is 4.37 persons. Morang district has an average population density of around 520 people per square km (2010). The district population growth rate is 1.35%. Immigration is rapidly increasing day to day from rural areas to this district. Life expectancy of the people is 69.6 years. The average literacy rate is about 66.33% (57.12% female and 75.54% male are literate).This district has multi ethnic composition; majorities are Brahamin, Chetri, Rajbanshi, Limbu, Raiput, Tamang, Kami, Damai. In terms of religion, Hindus are 80.1%, Kirat 7.3%, Muslim 4.4%, Buddhist 4.4%, Christian 0.8% and other 2.8%. The main languages are is Nepali followed by Rajbansi, Tharu, Rai, Limbu, Santhali, Bhojpuri, Urdu, Maithali and other. The district headquarter Biratnagar is connected by black-topped feeder road to the East-West Highway at Itahari, Sunsari and the district is also connected to the hill parts of the eastern region of Nepal. This district is the main boarder to India for the Eastern Development Region.