Sankhuwasabha District Coordination Committee (DCC) is located in Province 1 of eastern region of Nepal. It borders with Taplejung and Terahthum in the east, Solukhumbu and Bhojpur in the west, Dhankuta in the south and Tibet the autonomous region of China in the north. Sankhuwasabha has 5 municipalities and 5 rural municipalities. The total area of Sankhuwasabha is 3,468.38 sq km. Sankhuwasabha extends within latitude of 27º 06’ to 27º 55’ latitudes and longitude of 87º 57’ to 87º 40’ E. The lowest elevation point is 250 meter and the highest elevation point is 8463 meter from mean sea level. Subsistence agriculture farming, mainly small scale livestock is the main source of occupation and livelihood of the majority of the population, with 77.62% of the population active in this sector. Due to low level of agricultural production, the majority of the households face acute food shortages for a large part of the year. Total population of Sankhuwasabha (2011 Census) is 158,742 of which female is 83,517 (52.61%) and male is 88,566 (47.39%) residing in 34,624 households. Population density of Sankhuwasabha is 46 persons per sq km. Average household size is 4.58 persons and life expectancy is 64 years. Literacy rate of Sankhuwasabha is 56%. Koshi highway (Basantapur-Chainpur-Tumlingtar-Khandbari-Num) is the main access road of Sankhuwasabhaand Leguwa-Tumling road is also another important access of Sankhuwasabha.
Map of Nepal indicating Sankhuwasabha District Coordination Committee
The district inventory identified just over 526.64 km of roads, including 144km of strategic road network; 349.2 km of district road core network (DRCN) was identified in coordination with the DTICC and DCC, where 22 rural roads were included. Out of which 242.2 km road need to conservation and improvement and 107km of road required new construction and 105 km of village road network. All of the DRCN roads are earthen fair-weather roads.