Doti District is located in Seti Zone of the Far-Western Development Region of Nepal. It borders with Achham and Surkhet districts to the East, Dadeldhura and Baitadi districts to the West, Bajhang district to the North and Kailali district to the South. Topographically, Doti district entails 28°54' - 29°28' latitude and 80° 30' - 81°14' longitudes. Geopolitically, the district is administratively divided into 2 Electoral constituencies 11 Illakas which consist of one municipality and 50 VDCs. Each VDC is divided into 9 Wards.
The total area of the district is 2,025 sq km. Almost area of the district is lies on Mid-hill area and few area lies on Terai and high hill. The lowest elevation point is 600 meter and the highest elevation point is 4,000 meter from mean sea level. Elevation of District Headquarter Silgadhi is 1250 m. Seti, Thuligad, Tunagad, Kalagad, Sahiligad and Gandakigad are main rivers flowing in district.
As a result of the elevation differences, the district has four different types of climate: tropical up to 1,200 m where temperature increase more than 440 Celsius, subtropical from 1,200-2,100 m, Temperate above 2,100-3300m and Alpine above 3300m . The annual rainfall is about 1,347 mm and temperature varies from 0.2 ºC to 44ºC. Subsistence agriculture farming, mainly small scale livestock is the main source of occupation and livelihood of the majority of the population, with 71.42% of the population active in this sector. Due to low level of agricultural production, the majority of the households face acute food shortages for a large part of the year.
According to the National Census 2011, the total population of this district is 211,750 comprising 114,498 female (54.04%) and 97,252 male (45.93%) residing in 41,440 households. Doti district has an average population density of around 105 people per square km. The average family size is 4.99. The average life expectancy is 53 years (Female is 55 and 50 years). The average literacy rate is about 59.4% (45.66% female and 76.65% male). Doti district has a multi ethnic composition with Chhetri, Thakuri, Kami, Damai, Brahman, Sarki, Sanyashi, Magar, Newar and others. The common language is Nepali (98.78%).
There are numerous district and village roads. From the field study, it has been observed that most of them are in fair weather condition. Most of these roads have been constructed using excavator without proper planning and engineering design.
The study team has found Doti district in a relatively better transport situation. This district has an easy surface transport connection with major market and commercial cities namely Dadeldhura and Dhangdhi. However, most of the rural roads are in poor condition and need to be improved /upgraded for safe and reliable journey.
The district has access to the Mahakali Highway (Attariya-Dadeldhura-Darchula). A feeder road between the Dadeldhura (Syaule) and Achham (Mangalsen) is recently upgraded to bituminous standard by DOR.