The former district of Humla, now called Humla District Coordination Committee (DCC), is located in Karnali Zone of the Mid-Western Development Region of Nepal. The adjacent boundary to this DCC are Mugu and Tibetian region of China in the East, Bajhang and Tibetan region of China in the West, Mugu and Bajura in the South and Tibetian region of China in the North. Topographically, Humla entails 290 35' North to 300 57' North latitude and from 810 10' East to 820 10' East longitude. Geopolitically, most of the area falls in high Himalayan and high Mountain range. The Humla has 7 rural municipalities.
Map of Nepal indicating Humla District Coordination Committee(DCC)
The total area of the Humla is 5,655 sq km which covers 5% of the total land of the country. The lowest elevation point is 4000 feet and the highest elevation point is 24,064 feet from mean sea level. Elevation of Humla Headquarter Simkot is 15000 ft. Karnali, Chuwa, Gulfagad, Gothi, Hildum, Kawadi and Hepka are main rivers flowing in Humla.The temperature varies from - 100 C to - 280 C (minimum) and 100 C to 250 C (maximum) respectively. Similarly, the average annual rainfall is 25.4 mm to 146.9 mm. Manasarobar and Kailashkut in Tibet is the main attraction for tourism which is reachable by foot. According to the National Census 2011, the total population of the Humla is 50,858 comprising 25,025 female (49.21 %) and 25,833 male (50.79 %). Total household is 9,479 and average family size is 5.8. Humla has an average population density of around 7.2 people per square km. The Humla has a multi ethnic castes with Chhetri/Thakuri (29.80%), Brahman (26.34%), Lama (13.75%), Dalit (12.86), Byasi (10.47%), and other castes (6.75%). Similarly, according to religion: 78.2 % of the total population are Hindus, 20.2% are Buddhist and 1.6% are of other religions. Nepali Humli Khash language and Lama Kham/Bhote language are the two major languages spoken for daily communication.
The economy of the Humla is highly dependent on agricultural production and on trade such as export of medicinal herbs and import of household materials like rice, wheat, dal, salt, sugar, oil and also other kitchen utensils. More than 88% of the people are involved in agriculture yet only 25% households have sufficient food from their own agriculture land. Out of 565,500 ha land, only 5,020 ha is suitable for agriculture in the Humla. Maize, Millet, Jau, Buckwheat and wheat are major crops grown in the Humla. Apart from this; Paddy, Uwa and Chino are also grown. No commercial vegetable farming is practiced till date in the Humla. However, people are attracted in kitchen gardening which supports the daily requirement to some extent. Fruit farming is popular in the Humla. Most of the agriculture land of the Humla is monsoon irrigated. Similarly, rearing of domestic animals like yak, buffalo, Jhuma, Jhopa, sheep, goat, pig, chicken, duck and pigeon are the supporting income generating activities for the people. The unemployment among the youths is still a big issue in Humla.
Life expectancy is 53 years, with many children dying from lack of proper healthcare, unsafe water, and chronic malnutrition. The literacy rate is about 45.37 % (8.87 % female and 36.5 % male are literate).
Tourism is an important business which can uplift the economic growth and contributes more than 8% to the national economy. Humla has intense potential for the development of tourism industry. Beautiful Himalayas and availability of hiking routes can attract internal and foreign tourists as the tourism destination. Some of the famous tourism destinations are: Mansarobar, Kailashkut Parbat, transit to Bajhang, Bajura, Mugu and Tibet autonomous region of China. Major existing and potential tourist areas are located in Muchu, Limi, Khagalgau, Thehe, Dandaphaya, Simkot, Bargau, Kharpunath, Saya, Gothi, Jair, Melchham, Maila, Madana and Shreenagar which are famous for nature lovers and analysts because of the availability of various resources.
The Humla is rich in hydropower resource due to the presence of four major hydro powers; Hildum hp (500kw), Yangar hp (50 KW), Talchhadi hp (50kw), Talki hp (50kw) and Kukurfalna hp (50kw) respectively. The Karnali River flows nearly at the central part of the Humla. Presence of other small rivers, streams and rivulets in the Humla can also contribute in the hydropower development. Most of the potential areas for hydropower development are Muchu, Simkot, Bargau, Kharpunath, Lali, Shreemastha, Khagalgau, Dandaphaya, Saya, Jair, Melchham, Darma, Maila, Shreenagar and Madana.
Humla is second inaccessible DCC of the country, there is no access to Humla Headquarters except for two fair weather roads Hilsa - Simkot Road (40 km) and Limi - Lapcha Road (58 km) constructed from the China Boarder. The Government strategy is currently focusing on two major feeder roads viz. Hilsa - Simkot and Kawad - Sallisalla - Simkot.