Nepal has transitioned to a new system of Federal governance encompassing three levels of authority: Central (Federal), Provincial, and Local Government. Under this new organisation Nepal comprises 7 Provinces encompassing a total of 77 Districts. Within these districts are a total of 753 local units, consisting of 6 metropolitan cities (more than 300,000 people), 11 sub-metropolitan cities (more than 150,000 people), 276 municipalities (nagarpalikas) and 460 rural municipalities (gaunpalikas). Each local unit is further divided into wards (5-33 wards per local unit) with a total of 6,743 wards in Nepal.
These guidelines describe the process of creating and contracting Road Maintenance Groups (RMGs) for the maintenance of the District Road Core Network (DRCN) in Nepal. The DRCN is the set of main rural roads providing access to all Village Development Committees (VDCs), and its maintenance is the responsibility of the District Development Committee (DDC). There are currently approximately 22,000 km of DRCN roads, with a further 5,159krn planned to link VDCs that currently lack road access.The RMGs form an efficient and effective means of carrying out routine, recurrent and minor specific maintenance of the DRCN, ensuring that the DRCN roads stay open year round and that road deterioration is halted or slowed down. This document serves as a practical guide to the nationwide implementation of the RMG approach in the DRCN, both under government funding and within rural road projects and programmes.